Throughout its life, your snake could face health problems. Some of these are due to poor nutrition and others to an inappropriate environment. Regardless of the origin, you should always visit a veterinarian who will examine your snake before the disease gets worse and leads to its death. In this article, we will analyze all of the diseases that your snake may be facing.

Snake Illness Symptoms

Illness in a snake results in a change in its behavior. Here is a non-exhaustive list of changes you may notice in your pet:

  • He no longer feeds
  • He regurgitates Its food
  • Spends more time in the water than usual
  • He makes unusual movements, especially with Its head
  • He doesn’t move anymore or almost doesn’t move anymore and is gaining weight
  • In a female, she may not lay all her eggs

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Commom Snake Diseases


Your pet snake may get swelling in its lips. In this case, he will keep Its mouth open most of the time. Stomatitis is a bacterial infection that occurs as a result of a bad change in environment. It is often seen in snakes that come from their natural environment and end up in captivity. This disease is treated with medication prescribed by your veterinarian.


If a snake lacks humidity in its terrarium, it can present a dysecdysis, that is to say an abnormal excretion of its dead skin during its moult. Usually, there will be excess dead skin left on its body. Also make sure that he always has a rough surface in its terrarium to be able to remove its skin easily. If this is not the case, he could get skin diseases like abscesses, mites or dermatitis (which we will see below).

To learn more about the snake’s shedding process, you can consult our article dedicated to this subject by clicking here.

To treat this disease, put the snake in water at about 77°F (25°C) for 30 minutes. Then remove the excess skin with a cloth or paper. If you are unable to clean it properly, call your veterinarian.

Vesicular dermatitis

This pathology presents itself in the form of lesions on its body as well as open or purulent wounds. To avoid this, first check that your pet’s living conditions are optimal. If all is well, visit your veterinarian.


If you see your snake spending more time in the water than usual, if it has black spots in the water or on its body, it could be attacked by mites. This disease must be treated quickly because it could result in itching, irritation, viruses or lethargy. To check for mites, take a clean cloth or paper and rub it over your pet’s scales. If blackheads appear, there is no doubt about it.

To treat this condition, consult your veterinarian who will prescribe a suitable treatment. A mixture that he can recommend is dishwashing liquid, olive oil, neem oil and Taurrus. You will need to apply this mixture to Its skin with a paper until he is completely covered.


This lesion is quite common in captive snakes. It can be caused by the live prey you give it. If you see any sores or lesions, treat them immediately as they can lead to abscesses or even sepsis.

For this pathology, your veterinarian will prescribe an antibiotic treatment. He may also decide to intervene surgically by sewing up the animal’s wound.


This bacterium is present in most snakes and can be triggered. It can be transmitted to humans through contact with their feces. Therefore, avoid any contact with the mouth (especially for children). To avoid this problem, the only solution is to have impeccable hygiene.


This is a hereditary physical defect that acts neurologically on your snake. This results in problems with bearings and balance. You may see your snake making head movements or misunderstandings when you handle it. This trait is hereditary, which means that its offspring will have the same problem. Therefore, avoid breeding him.

Colon prolapse

In a snake, its colon is located outside the cloaca. This disease occurs as a result of intestinal parasites or too much stress. If you notice this pathology, consult a veterinarian who will determine the causes and will prescribe an adapted treatment.


Obesity occurs if your snake feeds too often or too much. Be sure to respect the frequency and the right quantities depending on the specimen you have. This disease can also be caused by a lack of movement of your pet, usually because its terrarium is too small.

Obesity is a serious disease in a reptile because it can lead to other diseases, such as constipation, heart and liver problems. An optimal treatment would be to modify its living space to make it more or less large or reduce the frequency of feeding.


If this article has been helpful to you, please feel free to give us feedback on your pet snakes’ illnesses in the comments. We’d love to help you. Also, be aware that we publish several articles per week that concern snakes. You can receive them in preview by subscribing to our newsletter.

For all snake lovers, we also offer a wide range of products entirely inspired by this animal. Whether it is our Snake Jewelry, Clothing or Accessories, we advise all lovers of these reptiles to discover our brand.

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